Prepared by Bassam Mechammil


APRIL 2009


For comments; please email Mechammil@aol.com




Paranoid personality disorder



Paranoid personality disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by extreme distrust and suspicion of others.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Personality disorders are chronic patterns of behavior that cause lasting problems with work and relationships. The cause of paranoid personality disorder is unknown, but it appears to be more common in families with psychotic disorders like schizophrenia and delusional disorder, which suggests a genetic influence.


People with paranoid personality disorder are highly suspicious of other people. They are usually unable to acknowledge their own negative feelings towards other people.

Other common symptoms include:

  • Concern that other people have hidden motives
  • Expectation to be exploited by others
  • Inability to collaborate
  • Poor self image
  • Social isolation
  • Detachment
  • Hostility


Schizoid personality disorder



Schizoid personality disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by a lifelong pattern of indifference to others and social isolation.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Personality disorders are chronic behavioral and relationship patterns that interfere with a person's life over many years. The cause of schizoid personality disorder is unknown, and estimates of its incidence vary.

This disorder may be associated with schizophrenia and shares many of the same risk factors. However, schizoid personality disorder is not as profoundly disabling as schizophrenia, since it is not marked by hallucinations, delusions, or the complete disconnection from reality that occurs in untreated (or treatment-resistant) schizophrenia.


A person with schizoid personality disorder:

  • Does not desire nor enjoy close relationships, even with family members
  • Avoids social activities that involve significant interpersonal contact
  • Appears aloof and detached

Signs and tests

People with schizoid personality disorder are loners and show little interest in developing close relationships.


Individuals with this disorder rarely seek treatment, and little is known about successful therapies. Talk therapy may be ineffective, because people with schizoid personality disorder have difficulty relating well to others.

Expectations (prognosis)

Schizoid personality disorder is a chronic illness with a poor prognosis. The social isolation characteristic of the disorder often prevents the person from seeking the help or support that could potentially improve the outcome.



Anti-Aging Superfoods



Want to ward off wrinkles? Boost your memory? Or keep your metabolism moving? A good place to start fighting off the signs of aging is your diet. Read on as nutritionists Bonnie Taub-Dix, MA,RD,CDN, National Spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association and co-author of "Kosher By Design Lightens Up" and Jonny Bowden, PhD, CNS and author of "The 150 Healthiest Foods on Earth" and "Healthiest Meals on Earth" reveal the superfoods that can help you look and feel younger.

Olive Oil

What It Does: Prevents wrinkles

Want to stay wrinkle-free, or at least prevent further skin aging? A "Journal of American College of Nutrition" study found diets high in olive oil, as well as other staples of a Mediterranean diet (think fruits, vegetables, nuts, multigrain bread and legumes), to be associated with less skin aging.

What Else Helps? A study from the "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition" found that higher intakes of vitamin C and omega-6 fatty acids, which cooking oils, egg yolks and beef are good sources of, may help to keep skin looking young. Bowden notes that resveratrol, found in red wine and the skin of grapes, has wrinkle-reducing properties as well.

Sunflower Seeds

What They Do: Stave off grays

Your genes determine how old you'll be when you first start to go gray, but it often begins in your 20s, though some won't see a gray hair until their 40s, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Taub-Dix explains that loss of hair color is due to a decline in melanin production and that may be the result of a copper deficiency. Eating foods that are high in copper, like sunflower seeds, could be beneficial.

What Else Helps? Crabs, oysters, cashews and almonds are also high in copper. Vitamin B6, found in whole grain cereals and many vegetables, may help by boosting melanin production.


What It Does: Thickens thinning hair

Over 30 percent of men under the age of 35 and one quarter of women will experience thinning hair in the United States, says Taub-Dix, noting that heredity, illness, poor diet and medications are the most common causes. However, biotin, which is generally found in soy products, as well as liver and eggs, can promote hair re-growth.

What Else Helps? A complete multivitamin, which will give you a dose of several nutrients that protect against thinning, including vitamins A, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, E, calcium, magnesium and potassium.


What They Do: Fight memory loss

Even as early as your 20s, you can begin to see changes in your memory, Taub-Dix says, so there's no time like the present to begin safeguarding it. Your best dietary bets? "Blueberries are terrific for your memory. Particularly the anthocianin compounds that gives blueberries their deep hue."

Added Bonus: Anthocianins may also protect against some aging-related diseases and cancers.


What It Does: Keeps your heart healthy

Foods like salmon that are high in omega-3 fatty acids may help lower your risk of heart attack and have been shown to lower blood pressure, plaque build-up in the arteries, triglyceride levels and cholesterol. Aim to eat about three fish-based meals a week, recommends Taub-Dix.

Added Bonus: Omega-3 fatty acids, also found walnuts, flaxseed, soybeans, avocados and olive oil, "help to reduce inflammation and are associated with promoting brain function," says Taub-Dix.

Hot Peppers

What They Do: Rev up your metabolism

It's a fact of life that as you age your metabolism gets sluggish, but adding some spice to your diet will help to keep your body burning, says Taub-Dix. Spicy foods like cayenne and jalapeño peppers contain capsaicin, which can speed up calorie burn by raising your heart rate.

What Else Helps? Caffeine, found in coffee and green tea, can affect your metabolism by increasing heart rate as well. To avoid disturbed sleep, jitteriness or an upset stomach, monitor your caffeine intake and its affect on your body -- even one cup of coffee a day could be too much for someone who is caffeine-sensitive.

Lean Protein

What It Does: Maintains muscle

A known side effect of aging, muscle loss, can be reduced by eating enough protein. "Protein consists of amino acids, which are the building blocks of muscle; therefore, an adequate daily intake helps maintain, repair and build muscle," says Taub-Dix. "Without enough protein, you can't build muscle -- no matter how much exercise you do." Eggs, chicken, fish and lean cuts of beef, such as flank steak, are good sources.

Added Bonus: "Protein is also a key component in maintaining a healthy immune system, and in the creation of hormones, skin, hair, nails, blood and enzymes," says Taub-Dix.


What It Does: Hydrates Your Skin

With age, our skin produces less oil and loses its elasticity. To fight off the effects of dehydration, "It's very important to drink plenty of water and try to limit caffeine and alcoholic beverages, which can enhance dehydration," Taub-Dix says. How much fluid a person needs depends on a variety of factors, such as physical activity and climate, but eight glasses a day is a good amount to aim for.

What Else Helps? When applied topically to your skin, honey can be a natural dry skin remedy. Coconut oil and cocoa butter oil are good for moisturizing skin as well. Look for moisturizerswith these ingredients, advises Taub-Dix.


What They Do: Protect Your Eyes

The most common cause of vision loss in people over 50 is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). But eating carrots, which are filled with beta carotene, can help stave off AMD, says Taub-Dix. So start munching: The earlier you begin eating beta-carotene rich foods the better.

What Else Helps? Foods that are high in vitamin C and E and zinc, such as spinach and beef, have eye-protecting properties as well, according to Bowden.


What They Do: Reduce Your Risk of Cancer

Bowden recommends eating foods high in quercetin, a nutrient found in apples and onions that has been shown to help fight cancer. Quercetin is also an anti-inflammatory and has antioxidant properties.

What Else Helps? A diet high in fruits and veggies has been shown to reduce the risk of certain cancers. Research has found that cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower and kale, are particularly helpful in protecting against cancer.






Psychological stress can take a physical toll on many body systems, causing these things:

  1. Increased blood pressure
  2. Increased heart rate
  3. Muscle aches
  4. Digestive problems
  5. Weakened immune system
  6. Skin disorders
  7. Allergies, asthma
  8. Increased sensitivity to pain


To keep stress under control, you can try:

  1. Physical exercise
  2. Adequate sleep
  3. Regular, balanced meals
  4. Maintaining social connections
  5. Biofeedback
  6. Cognitive behavioral therapy






What you can do after a heart attack:

  1. If you smoke, discuss smoking cessation strategies, such as nicotine patches and gums, support groups, and medications with your doctor.
  2. Once you finish cardiac rehab, continue an aerobic exercise program at least five days a week at an intensity and duration based on your physician’s recommendation. Count your steps as a goal.
  3. Stay active socially. Spend time with family and friends, take walks with friends, or volunteer at Church or hospitals.
  4. Eat smart. Incorporate more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains into your daily diet. Replace fatty protein sources with chicken, fish, lean beef, and lower your intake of sodium and processed foods.
  5. Follow your doctor’s advice regarding follow-up visits, diet, and processed foods.
  6. Take your medicines as prescribed. Don’t stop taking them unless directed to do so by your doctor.





A few good things to know


[1] If you are right handed, you will tend to chew your food on your right side. If you are left handed, you will tend to chew your food on your left side.
[2] If you stop getting thirsty, you need to drink more water. For when a human body is dehydrated, its thirst mechanism shuts off.
[3] Your tongue is germ free only if it is pink. If it is white there is a thin film of bacteria on it.
[4] The Mercedes-Benz motto is 'Das Beste oder Nichts', meaning 'the best or nothing.
[5] The Titanic was the first ship to use the SOS signal.
[6] The pupil of the eye expands as much as 45 percent when a person looks at something pleasing.
[7] The average person who stops smoking requires one hour less sleep a night.
[8] Laughing lowers levels of stress hormones and strengthens the immune system. Six-year-olds laugh an average of 300 times a day. Adults only laugh 15 to 100 times a day.
[9] The roar that we hear when we place a seashell next to our ear is not the ocean, but rather the sound of blood surging through the veins in the ear. 
[10] Dalmatians are born without spots.
[11] The owl is the only bird to drop its upper eyelid to wink. All other birds raise their lower eyelids.
[12] Roosters cannot crow if they cannot extend their necks.
[13] Every time you sneeze some of your brain cells die.
[14] When you blush, the lining of your stomach also turns red.
[15] When hippos are upset, their sweat turns red.
[16] The lion that roars in the MGM logo is named Volney
[17] Google is actually the common name for a number with a million zeros.
[18] Switching letters is called spoonerism. For example, saying jag of Flapan, instead of flag of Japan.
[19] It cost 7 million dollars to build the Titanic and 200 million to make a film about it.
[20] The attachment of the human skin to muscles is what causes dimples.
[21] The sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is actually the sound of nitrogen gas bubbles bursting
[22] It takes about 20 seconds for a red blood cell to circle the whole
[23] Most soccer players run 7 miles in a game.
[24] The only part of the body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It takes in oxygen directly from the air.
[25] In most watch advertisements the time displayed on the watch is 10:10 because then the arms frame the brand of the watch and make it look like it is smiling.
[26] Colgate faced big obstacle marketing toothpaste in Spanish speaking countries. Colgate translates into the command "go hang yourself."
[27] The only 2 animals that can see behind itself without turning its head are the rabbit and the parrot.
[28] Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.
[29] Do you know the names of the three wise monkeys? They are:

Mizaru    (See no evil),

Mikazaru(Hear no evil), and

Mazaru   (Speak no evil).
[30] Women blink nearly twice as much as men.
[31] German Shepherds bite humans more than any other breed of dog.
[32] Large kangaroos cover more than 30 feet with each jump. 
[33] A whip makes a cracking sound because its tip moves faster than the speed of sound.



International airline to allow cell phone chatter on planes


NEW YORK (CNN) -- From cell phone use to high-speed Internet access, the connected life is spreading to the skies.In January, Emirates airline plans to launch mobile phone usage in its planes, making it the first airline to allow passengers to make cell phone calls on its flights.And Australian carrier Qantas plans to start evaluating technology that lets fliers use their cell phones and PDAs during flight early next year.Fliers have long been able to keep in touch with those on the ground by using phones built into the backs of airplane seats. But the costs of those seatback phones can be upwards of $10 a minute, plus a connection fee.In contrast, the cost of calls made in-flight on Emirates will be in line with international roaming rates, the airline said. Those rates vary by mobile carrier and by location but can be as low as $1 to $2 a minute.


تعرفوا على حقيقة النرجيلة


قسم كبير من الشباب، وحتى الاهل، يعتقدون بأن "معسل الارجيلة" يحتوي على الفواكه والسكر أو العسل.تعرفوا على حقيقة الارجيلة وايهما اكثر ضرراالنرجيلة ذات الحجم الصغير ام النرجيلة الكبيرة ..

قسم كبير من الشباب، وحتى بعض الاهل، يعتقدون بأن هذه الخلطة التي تسمى "معسل الارجيلة" تحتوي على الفواكه والسكر أو العسل، وبأنها غير مضرة بالصحة، ولذا ترى بعض الآباء يغضون الطرف عن تدخين أبنائهم للنرجيلة.
أحد أسباب تعزيز هذه الفكرة الخاطئة هو اسم تبغ النرجيلة، حيث يطلق على هذا التبغ اسم "معسل" ، هذا بالإضافة إلى الرائحة الذكية التي تفوح من هذه المادة.
وفي الحقيقة أن هذه الخلطة تحتوي على التبغ بكل ما تحتويه هذه الكلمة من معنى، وعلى دبس السكر مولاس السائل الذي يتبقى بعد تكرير السكر ومنكهات ومواد حافظة.
هذه المعلومات يتم إدراجها على بعض مغلفات تبغ النرجيلة، ولكن، لا أحد يعرف ما هي جميع هذه المواد التي تدخل في تركيبها، وسبب ذلك يرجع إلى غياب الرقابة على هذه المواد ونجد على غلاف بعض أنواع التبغ المستوردة من بلدان مثل مصر والأردن والسلطة الفلسطينية، رسوماً لمختلف الفواكه، حسب الطعم المراد تقديمه للمستهلك، الأمر الذي من شأنه أن يعزز عملية التضليل.
بعض المغلفات يكتب عليها بأن الخلطة تحتوي على التبغ، الذي يدخل في تركيبه النيكوتين المعروف بأنه مادة تؤدي إلى الإدمان بمقدار 0.05٪ ملغم بالإضافة إلى أن منتجي هذه المواد يذكرون بأن كمية الزفت القطران هي 0 ٪ ملغم، أي أنهم يدعون بأن هذه المادة المضرة والتي تتسبب بالإصابة بمرض السرطان غير موجودة في هذه الخلطة ,في الحقيقة بأن القطران وغيره من المواد المضرة ينتج عند احتراق التبغ، وقد تم إثبات هذه الحقائق من خلال البحث الذي اجري في الجامعة الأمريكية في بيروت، لبنان.

على ماذا يحتوي دخان تبغ النرجيلة؟
في إطار هذا البحث قام الباحثون ببناء آلة مخصصة لفحص الدخان الصادر عن النرجيلة وتبين نتائج هذا البحث بأن هذا الدخان يحتوي على كميات كبيرة من القطران، بالإضافة إلى النيكوتين والمعادن الثقيلة وبالمقارنة مع الدخان الناتج عن سيجارة واحدة، وتبين أيضا وجود كمية كبيرة من المواد السامة التي تؤدي إلى الإصابة بالسرطان، مثل الزرنيخ، والكروم، والرصاص .
وفي دراسة أجريت في كلية الطب في الجامعة الأردنية في عمان، تبين بأن نسبة تركيز النيكوتين والكوتينين أحد المواد التي ينتجها النيكوتين في الجسم تصل إلى مستويات عالية بعد تدخين النرجيلة، مما يؤكد على أن النرجيلة تتسبب في أضرار جسيمة




يا رب تقرصك نملة


قرصة النمله تؤدي الى تنشيط الدوره الدمويه و زيادة عدد كريات الدم الحمراء مما ينعكس على نشاط الجسم و حيويته .
قرصة النمله تقوم بتنشيط الخلايا العصبيه الموجوده في الدماغ و ذلك من خلال اشارات حسيه
تنتقل من مكان القرصه الى الخلايا الحسيه الموجوده اسفل الدماغ .
اذا تعرض الجسم الى اكثر من قرصه في الوقت ذاته , فان ذلك من شأنه ان يؤدي الى تليف الجلد
و ذلك في حالة كون جميع القرصات في مكان واحد , اما اذا كانت في عدة اماكن فان ذلك سوف يؤدي الى تخثر الدم .
المقصود بتليف الجلد هو ان الجلد يصبح اكثر مقاومةً للبكتريا و اكثر تحملاً لدرجات الحراره المرتفعه .
المقصود بتخثر الدم هو تكون طبقه من الدم تكون اقسى نوعا ما من الدم العادي مما يمنح الاوعيه الدمويه قدره اكثر
على مقاومة السموم .. و بالتالي مساعدة الكبد و تخفيف العبء عنها . قرصة النمله كأفضل وسيله للرجيم
عندما تقوم النمله ( الانثى ) بتوجيه قرصتها للهدف المقصود ..فانها تفرز كمية من اللعاب الأيوني ..
و الغريب ان هذا اللعاب يقوم بحرق جميع الدهنيات الموجوده في العضو المقروص , مثلا , لو ان العضو المقروص
هو الذراع فان اللعاب الموجود في مكان القرصه سوف يتنشر تدريجيا في كافة الذراع و بتالي
سوف يقوم بحرق مانسبته 99% من الدهنيات التي توجد في هذا الذراع. و فوق كل هذا ياأعزائي
لكم اجر تحمل الالم لان وخز الشوكه عليها اجر فكيف قرصه النمله