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THAT EVER LIVED
This survey was done by
the Discovery Channel with the help of CNN
40th President of the United States,
16th President of the United States, 1861-1865; served during the American Civil War; issued the Emancipation Proclamation; assassinated
by John Wilkes Booth.
3. Martin Luther King, Jr., a civil rights
activist who promoted non-violent activism and equality.
4. George Washington,
First President of the United States under the nation's second constitution;
the only president elected unanimously by the Electoral College; historically regarded by
Americans as the "Father of Our Country".
5. Benjamin Franklin,
author, inventor, statesman, scientist especially famous for his discoveries
regarding electricity; only founding father who was a signatory to all
founding documents of the United States except the Articles of Confederation - namely, the
Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Alliance with France, the Treaty
of Paris, and the United States Constitution.
Most Livable Countries
The Human Development Index (HDI),
published annually by the UN, ranks nations according to their citizens'
quality of life rather than strictly by a nation's traditional economic
figures. The criteria for calculating rankings include life expectancy,
adult literacy, school enrollment, educational attainment, and adjusted
Could an October Surprise Lift Stocks?
It's no secret stocks have been
languishing for months. The market suffered its worst August since 2005,
leaving the S&P 500 ($INX) off 5% on the year. It's also no secret the
November mid-term elections are likely to be especially bitter, given that
unemployment remains persistently and perniciously high.
But it just so happens that stocks have a history of posting impressive gains
in the fourth quarter of a mid-term election year, notes Jeffrey Kleintop, chief market strategist at LPL Financial.
Furthermore, Kleintop sees a number of potential
catalysts tied to the mid-terms that could boost shares. From an October
Surprise to gridlock in Washington, D.C.,
there's a host of outcomes that could cause equity investors to celebrate.
Among the more interesting potential catalysts related to the mid-term elections is the possibility of a so-called October Surprise
unveiled by the Democratic party in order to save incumbent seats on Nov. 2. As Kleintop told clients in a report this
week: "Incumbents are in trouble according to state and regional polling
data. In seeking to turn the tide of voter sentiment, [Democrats] may
talk about tax cuts or other issues favorable to stock market investors."
Then there's the very real possibility that the mid-terms will end with neither
party having enough votes in congress to get anything of substance done quickly
-- if at all, Kleintop writes.
"The balance of power is likely to shift between political parties
following the elections," says Kleintop.
"This may lead to more of a political balance in Washington
and slow the pace of legislative change resulting in the 'gridlock' the market
has historically favored."
Another mid-term election effect that really stands out the
market's historical pattern. Stocks have actually tracked a typical
pattern for equities in a mid-term election year, Kleintop
notes, albeit with more volatility than usual. That bodes well because the
market has averaged a gain of nearly 8% during the fourth quarter of
mid-elections years going back to 1950.
If past results are indeed indicative of future returns, stocks would reverse
course in the next couple of months to end the year with
single-digit-percentage gains, Kleintop says. For a
look at the S&P 500's fourth-quarter performance in mid-term election
years, see the chart below, courtesy of LPL Financial and Bloomberg.
Oxygen Therapy Might Ease Pain Of Migraine,
ScienceDaily (July 17, 2008) — Two types of oxygen therapy could offer
some relief to adults who suffer from disabling migraine and cluster headaches,
according to a new research review from Australia.
Migraine headaches are severely painful and usually occur with other
symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and painful sensitivity to light. Cluster
headaches cause sharp, burning pain on one side of the head.
Physicians commonly rely on a number of drug therapies to both treat and
prevent migraine and cluster headaches, but some also prescribe oxygen therapy.
The aim of the systematic review -- comprising nine small studies involving 201
participants -- was to determine whether inhaling oxygen actually helps.
"We wanted to locate and assess any evidence from randomized trials
that oxygen administration was a safe and effective treatment for migraine or
cluster headaches," said lead reviewer Michael Bennett, of Diving and
Hyperbaric Medicine at Prince of Wales Hospital in Sydney.
"We hoped this would assist physicians to make effective treatment
decisions in this area."
The review appears in the current issue of The Cochrane Library, a
publication of The Cochrane Collaboration, an international organization that
evaluates research in all aspects of health care. Systematic reviews draw
evidence-based conclusions about medical practice after considering both the
content and quality of existing trials on a topic.
The Cochrane reviewers examined studies that evaluated normobaric
oxygen therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Normobaric
therapy consists of patients inhaling pure oxygen at normal room pressure, and
hyperbaric therapy involves patients breathing oxygen at higher pressure in a
specially designed chamber.
Five studies compared hyperbaric versus sham (placebo) therapy for migraine;
two compared hyperbaric versus sham therapy for cluster headache; and two
investigated the use of normobaric therapy for
cluster headache. Length of treatment varied with each study.
Three studies reported the number of patients who had significant relief
from their migraines within 40 to 45 minutes of hyperbaric therapy. Although
the studies did not specify each patients' response to treatment, they reported
a significant increase in the proportion of patients who had relief with
hyperbaric oxygen compared to sham therapy.
For cluster headaches, two studies (69 patients) found a significantly
greater proportion of patients had relief of their headaches after 15 minutes
of normobaric compared to sham therapy.
The reviewers concluded that hyperbaric treatment might give some relief for
migraine headache and that normobaric therapy might
provide similar relief for cluster headache, but there is no evidence that
these therapies will prevent future attacks.
"We believe that hyperbaric oxygen is also a reasonable measure for migraineurs who have not responded to other measures to
treat an acute attack," Bennett said. "However, the poor availability
of hyperbaric chambers makes this an option only in a minority of health
facilities. Most physicians treating headaches will continue to rely on
established and emerging pharmacological options for treating and preventing
Estimates indicate that 6 percent to 7 percent of men and 15 percent to 18 percent
of women suffer from severe migraine headaches, and cluster headaches effect
about 0.2 percent of the population.
John Kirchner, M.D., of the Kirchner Headache Clinic in
Neb., has treated thousands of patients
suffering from a variety of headaches, including migraine and cluster, and said
he does not include oxygen therapy in his patients' treatment plans.
"This [oxygen therapy] would not be practical as the headache comes on
fast and does not last long," he said. "So there would not be time to
get the patient to the chamber."
Kirchner's treatment for migraine includes avoiding triggers, taking
preventive and symptomatic medications and undergoing behavior modification.
Heart Attack: Could Giving Oxygen Be Doing More Harm Than Good?
ScienceDaily (June 16, 2010) — There is no evidence that the common
practice of giving patients oxygen to inhale during a heart attack is
beneficial, according to a new Cochrane Systematic Review. Until further
research is carried out, the researchers say the possibility that giving oxygen
may actually increase a patient's risk of dying cannot be ruled out.
Globally, more than 30 million people have heart attacks every year,
according to the World Health Organisation. Heart
attacks occur when the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart is interrupted.
Heart attack patients are often given oxygen to try to improve oxygenation of
the heart tissue. However, there is little evidence that this intervention
improves outcomes for heart patients and some evidence even suggests it may
cause further damage.
The researchers included data from three trials in their studies. Patients
were either given pure oxygen or air to inhale in the 24 hours following the
onset of heart attack symptoms. Of the 387 patients involved in the studies
only 14 died, but of these, almost three times as many had inhaled oxygen as
opposed to air.
Although the results appear to suggest giving oxygen could do more harm than
good, the researchers say there is not yet enough data to be certain.
"This result does not necessarily mean that giving oxygen increases the
risk of dying from a heart attack," said Dr Amanda Burls of the Department
of Primary Health Care at the University
of Oxford in Oxford,
UK. "The numbers are
so small that this may just have been due to chance."
However, said Prof Tom Quinn, another of the researchers based at the
Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at the University
of Surrey in Guildford,
UK, it is important to
resolve the uncertainty. "Given the fact that this is such a widely used
treatment, we think it is important that a large trial is conducted as soon as
possible to make sure that giving oxygen is not causing any harm."
Another member of the team, Dr. Juan Cabello of
the Alicante General
in Alicante, Spain,
added, "It is truly amazing how we, as cardiologists, have been employing
this treatment without solid evidence."
Eating Berries May Help Aging Brain Stay Healthy
Blueberries and strawberries may serve as a detox elixir for the brain and can help your aging mind
stay sharp, new research shows.
Scientists from the U.S. Department of Agriculture say they've discovered the
first solid evidence that the popular fruits, along with acai
berries and walnuts, essentially cleanse the brain, activating what's known as
its "housekeeper" function and ridding it of toxic proteins.
Those proteins are the culprits to blame for age-related memory loss and other
Study author Shibu Poulouse,
who works for the USDA's Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging in Boston,
said the body's ability to ward off inflammation and oxidative damage declines
with age, which can lead to brain disorders, heart disease and cancer, among
other degenerative conditions.
"The good news is that natural compounds called polyphenolics
found in fruits, vegetables and nuts have an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory
effect that may protect against age-associated decline," Poulouse told a conference of the American Chemical Society.
Poulouse and study co-author James Joseph, who died
in June, looked at certain cells in the brain known as microglia
-- which eliminate and recycle toxins that can cause the mind to malfunction.
That detoxification is called autophagy.
As people age, the cleaning cells stop working properly and the biochemical
debris accumulates, according to Poulouse. The microglia can also become hyperactive and harm healthy
"Our research suggests that the polyphenolics in
berries have a rescuing effect," said Poulouse,
in a statement from the American Chemical Society. "They seem to restore
the normal housekeeping function."
The scientists used cultures of the brain cells of mice and saw that berry
extracts blocked certain proteins from shutting down the autophagy
But Dr. Douglas Husbands, a nutritionist with a practice in northern California,
warned against giving the findings too much weight.
"You can't make a generalization from that study," Husbands told AOL
Health. "Where were the berries from? Were they organic, or did they contain
pesticides? The devil is in the details."
And experiments using extracts and animals, rather than actual fruits and
humans, don't tell the whole story, he said.
"You cannot extrapolate that the extracts are doing the same thing as all
the molecules in the food would do," Husbands said. "You have to look
at all the ingredients."
The authors' prior research has shown antioxidants in fruits and nuts may
prevent the decline in cognitive abilities that accompanies aging.
In one study, old rats were fed antioxidant-rich strawberry, blackberry and
blueberry extract for two months. The diet
reversed the age-related degeneration of the rodents' nerve function and memory
Best Foods for Eye Health
Eating chicken over beef isn’t just heart-healthy. It may also be the better
choice for lower risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading
cause of vision loss in people over age 60.
After tracking the dietary and lifestyle habits of 6,700 Australians, ages
58 to 69, for four years and evaluating them for AMD 13 years later,
researchers found that eating 10 or more servings of red meat per week raised
the risk of AMD by 50 percent compared with having five or fewer servings
weekly. However, eating chicken at least three times weekly was associated with
a 50 percent reduced risk.
That’s not to say that chicken necessarily protects against the
vision-robbing condition, says lead researcher Elaine Chong,
M.D., of the Centre for Eye Research Australia
at the University of Melbourne.
Instead, her research—published April 1
in the American Journal of Epidemiology—provides more
evidence that excessive consumption of red meat can raise AMD risk, while being
the first to indicate that white meat does not.
Why? Red meat is rich in an iron compound, and other substances released
during cooking, that may increase oxidative stress to the eyes, which causes
the same free-radical damage that is linked to other serious diseases, Chong tells the Bulletin Today.
“From a nutritional standpoint, chicken is considered a healthier meat—and
there is good evidence that a diet for heart health is also good for your eyes
as well as other diseases of aging,” says ophthalmologist Paul Bernstein, M.D,
of the John A.
at the University of Utah.
He’s a longtime researcher on how nutrition affects age-related eye diseases,
and was not involved in Chong’s study.
“That means eating plenty of colorful, whole fruits and vegetables, fish
rich in omega-3s and avoiding excessive amounts of meat,” Bernstein says. “Ten
servings a week is a lot of beef—especially when you consider half of these
[study participants] reported having five or fewer servings of vegetables a
More new research adds weight to Bernstein’s recommendations: Another
Australian study published in the May issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology
found that regularly eating fish, nuts, olive oil and other foods high in
omega-3 fatty acids appears to lower risk for AMD. And a study published this
month in the journal Ophthalmology found that people who ate low-glycemic diets (i.e. low amounts of white bread, white rice
and sweets) had lower risk of AMD as well. Despite the adage that carrots help
vision, the researchers didn’t find that beta carotene lowered AMD risk.
Chinese Traffic Jam Stretches 60
Miles, Ten Days
Traffic jams are common in China,
but one that began earlier this month has been going on for nine days .
Did you have a bad commute today? How long did you sit in traffic — an hour,
maybe two? Thousands of motorists in China
have been stuck for ten days in a jam that goes on for more than 60 miles.
Road construction started the jam August 14 in China’s
on a major highway headed toward Beijing.
The snarl got worse as some vehicles collided and others broke down. Officials
say the backup could continue for a month because the road project is expected
to last about that long.
The stretch of highway is a vital route for produce, coal and other supplies
shipped to Beijing. It has become
increasingly prone to big jams as the capital (home to more than 20
million people) consumes more and more goods. Growing numbers of heavy trucks
hauling the freight cause damage to the roads which in turn need more
pushed hard in recent years to expand its road network. In many cases, though,
traffic has grown a lot faster that the roads’ ability to carry it. Heavy
traffic is common around many Chinese cities but the ten-day jam
is outside the norm. The extreme congestion reportedly has developed
its own economy as merchants sell food, water and other essentials to stranded
drivers at inflated prices.
-رمضان عفو وعافية-
وأجمل أيام وليالي
رمضان المبارك ،تعطرنا بشذا نفحاتها
،ويدخل الإيمان في قلوبنا
وحياة مغرقين في المادية
الكريم يفيض بنفحاته
النفوس الخطى وتسعى
القلوب المؤمنة إلى إغتنام
الثواب لأعمال الخير في
الهمم في اعمال
الخير رجاءً في
اليوم إلى مثل
لحظات التجلي الإيماني بوحدة المشاعر
،تغيب كل الفوارق
الشهر الكريم ليس مجرد
وغيرهم وحسب ،بل
الصيام في حقيقته
،وكبح جماح شهواتها
للسلوك القويم وما يجنيه
الصائم من ثمرات
صيامه هو الثواب
العظيم من الخالق
تبارك وتعالى ،الى جانب
الإنسان من فوائد
كثيرة من الصيام
تتمثل في المنافع
الصحية ،الذي تتراكم
الكثيرة جراء تناوله
للأطعمة الزائدة طوال العام
،ويأتي رمضان ليخفف
النسب العالية في تناول
الكثير منا لا
يتبعون التوازن في متطلبات
الروح والجسد التي يحث
عليها الشهر الكريم
،فترى أغلب الناس
اللازم مما يعتبر
هدراً للمال واسرافا
يخالف المقصد الشرعي من الصيام
0 وبجانب تلك السلوكيات
الخاطئة في مصروفات
الأطعمة الزائدة هناك سلوكيات
وظواهر أخرى خاطئة
،وذلك فيما يتبعه
البعض من تعطيل
الزائد خلال الشهر
الكريم ،فترى السهر
التلفاز التي لا
،فهذا الشهر هو
بعقول الناس *بسام
اختيار شعار مهرجان
عندما تم اختياره
شعاراً لدورة هذا
“ من صدد
بعداً حقيقياً يعبر عن
تصميم وثقة بعودة
الأرض المحتلة إلى الوطن
بقيادة السيد الرئيس
إدارة المهرجان وفداً رسمياً
وشعبناً من أبناء
الجولان للحضور إلى صدد
ومتابعة فعاليات هذه الدورة
“ العروبة “ التقت
الإعداد والثقافة والإعلام بفرع حزب
البعث العربي الاشتراكي
واعتبر أن نشوة
عامرة في قلوب
الوفد المرافق من فعاليات
رسمية ووجوه في
المجتمع الأهلي أسس لها
وقال بثقة :
يتحرر الجولان كاملاً في العام
المقبل على يد
السيد الرئيس بشار الأسد
ليتحول شعار مهرجان