Prepared by Bassam Mechammil 

November 2010 

For comments; please email Mechammil@aol.com


Last year, my wife and I took a trip to experience the real story of Thanksgiving and its history.

We went to Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard, and Plymouth Massachusetts. We saw The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock and learned 3 reasons why America celebrates The Thanksgiving Holiday.


1.   A good harvest

2.   Winning different battles in war

3.   Religious reasons


This is the story of Thanksgiving-  Happy Thanksgiving from Bassam Mechammil and my family


The Thanksgiving Story

Most stories of Thanksgiving history start with the harvest celebration of the pilgrims and the Indians that took place in the autumn of 1621. Although they did have a three-day feast in celebration of a good harvest, and the local indians did participate, this "first Thanksgiving" was not a holiday, simply a gathering. There is little evidence that this feast of thanks led directly to our modern Thanksgiving Day holiday. Thanksgiving can, however, be traced back to 1863 when Pres. Lincoln became the first president to proclaim Thanksgiving Day. The holiday has been a fixture of late November ever since.

However, since most school children are taught that the first Thanksgiving was held in 1621 with the pilgrims and Indians, let us take a closer look at just what took place leading up to that event, and then what happened in the centuries afterward that finally gave us our modern Thanksgiving.

The Pilgrims who sailed to this country aboard the Mayflower were originally members of the English Separatist Church (a Puritan sect). They had earlier fled their home in England and sailed to Holland (The Netherlands) to escape religious persecution. There, they enjoyed more religious tolerance, but they eventually became disenchanted with the Dutch way of life, thinking it ungodly. Seeking a better life, the Separatists negotiated with a London stock company to finance a pilgrimage to America. Most of those making the trip aboard the Mayflower were non-Separatists, but were hired to protect the company's interests. Only about one-third of the original colonists were Separatists.


The Pilgrims set ground at Plymouth Rock on December 11, 1620. Their first winter was devastating. At the beginning of the following fall, they had lost 46 of the original 102 who sailed on the Mayflower. But the harvest of 1621 was a bountiful one. And the remaining colonists decided to celebrate with a feast -- including 91 Indians who had helped the Pilgrims survive their first year. It is believed that the Pilgrims would not have made it through the year without the help of the natives. The feast was more of a traditional English harvest festival than a true "thanksgiving" observance. It lasted three days.

Governor William Bradford sent "four men fowling" after wild ducks and geese. It is not certain that wild turkey was part of their feast. However, it is certain that they had venison. The term "turkey" was used by the Pilgrims to mean any sort of wild fowl.

Another modern staple at almost every Thanksgiving table is pumpkin pie. But it is unlikely that the first feast included that treat. The supply of flour had been long diminished, so there was no bread or pastries of any kind. However, they did eat boiled pumpkin, and they produced a type of fried bread from their corn crop. There was also no milk, cider, potatoes, or butter. There was no domestic cattle for dairy products, and the newly-discovered potato was still considered by many Europeans to be poisonous. But the feast did include fish, berries, watercress, lobster, dried fruit, clams, venison, and plums.

This "thanksgiving" feast was not repeated the following year. Many years passed before the event was repeated. It wasn't until June of 1676 that another Day of thanksgiving was proclaimed. On June 20 of that year the governing council of Charlestown, Massachusetts, held a meeting to determine how best to express thanks for the good fortune that had seen their community securely established. By unanimous vote they instructed Edward Rawson, the clerk, to proclaim June 29 as a day of thanksgiving. It is notable that this thanksgiving celebration probably did not include the Indians, as the celebration was meant partly to be in recognition of the colonists' recent victory over the "heathen natives," (see the proclamation).

A hundred years later, in October of 1777 all 13 colonies joined in a thanksgiving celebration. It also commemorated the patriotic victory over the British at
Saratoga. But it was a one-time affair.

George Washington proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving in 1789, although some were opposed to it. There was discord among the colonies, many feeling the hardships of a few pilgrims did not warrant a national holiday. And later, President Thomas Jefferson opposed the idea of having a day of thanksgiving.

It was Sarah Josepha Hale, a magazine editor, whose efforts eventually led to what we recognize as Thanksgiving. Hale wrote many editorials championing her cause in her Boston Ladies' Magazine, and later, in Godey's Lady's Book. Finally, after a 40-year campaign of writing editorials and letters to governors and presidents, Hale's obsession became a reality when, in 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November as a national day of Thanksgiving.

Thanksgiving was proclaimed by every president after Lincoln. The date was changed a couple of times, most recently by Franklin Roosevelt, who set it up one week to the next-to-last Thursday in order to create a longer Christmas shopping season. Public uproar against this decision caused the president to move Thanksgiving back to its original date two years later. And in 1941, Thanksgiving was finally sanctioned by Congress as a legal holiday, as the fourth Thursday in November.


عيد الشكر

المهاجرون الاوربيين يحتفلون مع الامريكيين الاصليين اي الهنود الحمر بعيد الشكر

الديك الرومي المحشي

عيد الشكر (بالإنجليزية: Thanksgiving‏) عطلة خاصة في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية, يحتفل بها في الخميس الرابع من شهر نوفمبر من كل عام، وفي كندا الحادي عشر من شهر أكتوبر.

يقول البعض ان الاحتفال بعيد الشكر في فصل الخريف يعود إلى احتفالات كان يقوم بها المزارعون بعد موسم الحصاد لكي يشكروا الرب على ما منحمهم من خيرات. وفي عام 1620 وصل بعض الإنكليز إلى مدينة بليموث في ولاية ماساتشوستس، وبعد رحلة طويلة وبسبب قلة خبرة المهاجرين في الزراعة والطقس البارد توفي البعض منهم.

وبعد شهور تدخّل أحد الهنود وكان رئيس قبيلة مسيطرة في المدينة فتقرّب من المهاجرين الإنكليز لانقاذهم من المعاناة والخسائر التي تواجههم، فعلمهم الصيد والزراعة.و للاحتفال باول موسم حصاد اقام الإنكليز احتفالا لثلاثة ايام دعوا الهنود اليه ليشكرونهم على المساعدة و...للصلاة.

و منذ ذلك التاريخ بات الاحتفال بعيد الشكر من التراث الاميركي مناسبة للسفر والاجتماع واللقاء.وفي عام 1941 اقر الكونغرس الاميركي الاحتفال بهذا العيد الخميس الذي ياتي قبل السبت الأخير من شهر نوفمبر من كل عام.


في هذه العطلة أو العيد تجتمع العائلة الأمريكية وتقدم الشكر لله لإنقاذ اسلافهم من المجاعة والهلاك وهم جالسين على مائدة عامرة.

من الطريف أنه يتم طبخ الألاف من الدجاج والديوك الرومية ولا يترك إلا ديك رومي واحد حى يقدم هدية إلى رئيس الجمهورية الأمريكية فيعفو عنه من أن يأكل

كما قررت كندا ان يكون الحادي عشر من نوفمبر هو تاريخ عيد الشكر لدى كندا




50 Household Uses For Baking Soda:

From Baking To Laundry To Cleaning...Baking Soda Can Help Around The Home

Baking Soda Can Do More Than Help With Baking...Use It To Clean Around The Home & Boost Your Laundry

We all know baking soda is an important ingredient in many recipes, but here are 50 ways you can use it to make the job easier and save time when cleaning and freshening around the home…

Household Uses For Baking Soda

  1. Stovetop A Mess? Generously sprinkle baking soda around the top of stove then spray hot water (boiling hot if possible) over it all–-enough to dissolve baking soda without making it run all over. Let soak for about 30 minutes then scrub clean. Source: 8 Cleaning Tips For Crusty Stove Tops.
  2. Crusty Roasting Pan Fix: Clean crusty roasting pans by sprinkling pan generously with baking soda, pour hot water over top about an inch or two deep and soak for a couple hours. Try boiling for a few minutes first if the mess is bad. Source: How To Clean Roasting Pans.
  3. Coffee Mug Stains: Remove stains from coffee mugs by wiping mug with a wet cloth then rub the inside of the mug with baking soda. If the stains are stubborn, soak overnight in hot water and baking soda. Source: How To Remove Coffee & Tea Stains From Mugs.
  4. Bathtub Miracle Paste: Make a cleaning paste with baking soda and bleach then apply to wet sponge to scrub off grime when wiping the tub down. Source: Kickin Bathtub Cleaning Soak.
  5. Sink Scrub: Clean a stainless steel sink by sprinkling baking soda around the sink and scrubbing it down with a damp sponge. Source: How To Clean A Stainless Steel Sink.
  6. Remove Grey or Black Cutlery Markings On China: Dab a damp sponge in baking soda and rub the marks gently. Source: How To Wash & Care For Fine China Dishes.
  7. Remove Sticky Goo Left Behind By Stickers & Labels: Use a mix of baking soda and water (mix into a paste). Rub gently into the goo, then wipe off with a warm wet cloth. Source: 25 Helpful Items To Remove Sticky Adhesive Goo.
  8. Microwave Cleaner: Got the grungy microwave blues? Clean it up quickly & easily by adding a couple teaspoons of baking soda to a bowl of water and place in microwave. Heat for 3 – 5 minutes, depending how hard the crud is really stuck on. When microwave stops, keep the door closed to give the moisture and steam the heated bowl of water generated to have time to work. Remove bowl (careful, it’s hot) and take a moist, warm cloth to the inside of the microwave. The crud bits should wipe off easily. The added baking soda will act as a deodorizer. If you’re brave, you can use the hot baking soda water to clean the insides of the microwave, but be careful–it is HOT water. Use a thick sponge and make sure to keep water away from your fingertips. You could also add a splash or two of cold water to bring the temperature down. Source: Cleaning A Microwave: How To & Tips.
  9. Crockpot Cleaner: Soak crock in warm water and baking soda before scrubbing for easier cleanup. Or you can make a paste from baking soda and water, apply to stain and let set for a few hours. Spritz with water then scrub the paste to remove the stains. This also help remove sauce stains. Crusty Crockpot Cleaning Tips.
  10. Thermos Cleaner & Freshener: Put a large teaspoon of baking soda in thermos bottle, fill with boiling water and cap closed for a few hours. All adhering material loosens, comes off and sweetens the bottle. Source: 35 Kitchen Tips – A Collection Of Timeless Wisdom.
  11. Luggage Freshener: Musty trunks and funky smelling luggage pieces can be freshened up by sprinkling baking soda inside, closing the case and then let sit a day or two. Remove the baking soda with a vacuum. Source: Quick Tip: Stinky Luggage.
  12. Refrigerator Freshener: After cleaning the refrigerator, keep it smelling fresh with an open box of baking soda or an open bowl/container filled with baking soda. Source: Easy Refrigerator Deodorizer Ideas.
  13. Homemade Air Freshener Spray: Mix 2 cups hot water with 1/8 cup baking soda and 1/2 cup lemon juice, shake to dissolve and spray in the air as needed. Source: Homemade Air Freshener Sprays.
  14. Stained Enamel Cookware: Apply a baking soda/water paste to stains and let sit for an hour. Fill with water (leaving paste inside pot), stir with a wooden spoon to dissolve the baking soda and bring to a boil. Boil for 15 to 20 minutes, rinse then wash as usual. Source: Enamel Cookware: Stain Removal Tips.
  15. Cast Iron Cookware Scrub: Use baking soda as a scouring powder when trying to clean or remove rust from cast iron cookware. Source: How To Clean Cast Iron Cookware.
  16. Wood Stains: Try removing water stains on wood surfaces by making a paste with baking soda and a few drops of water. Rub into stain then wipe off. You can also try salt instead of baking soda. Source: More White Stain Removal Tips For Wood Furniture.
  17. Clean Freezer Tip: After you’ve thoroughly washed the freezer with soapy water and all food particles have been removed, do a quick rinse wipe with a solution of baking soda and warm water (about 2 TBS of baking soda per quart of warm water). This helps remove the soap residue as well as freshens things up. Wipe everything down inside with a clean cloth to dry. Source: How To Clean A Freezer.
  18. Floor Scuff & Stain Remover: Mix baking soda and water to make a paste, apply paste to wet sponge and scrub out the scuff marks. Source: Tips For Floor Cleaners, Spots & Scuffs.
  19. Clogged Drain Flush: Remove as much water as you can from the backed up sink. Toss 1 cup of baking soda down the drain, then pour a cup of household vinegar down the drain, plug the drain with the sink stopper then let sit for half an hour. After about 30 minutes, unplug the sink and pour a kettle full of hot water on top. Source: Tips For Clogged Drains & Homemade Drain Cleaner Recipe.
  20. Teapot Stain Buster: Fill a teapot with boiling water, squeeze the juice from a wedge of lemon (1/4 lemon) and toss in the peel, add 1/8 cup of baking soda. Soak overnight, wash well in the morning. Source: How To Clean Stains From Teapots.
  21. Fido Smelling A Little Off? Make a doggy deodorizer by mixing 1/2 cup baking soda with 2 cups water then soak 1 bandana (sized to fit dog). Dry bandana in the sun then tie around Fido’s neck to help keep the odors at bay. Source: Bandana Doggy Deodorizer: How To.
  22. To Remove Odor From a Vase: Pour a solution of water and baking soda into the vase and let stand for several hours. Wash clean and odors should be gone, if not simply repeat the process. Source: How To Clean Buildup Inside A Vase.
  23. Smelly Ashtrays Fix: Mix equal parts white sand and baking soda then pour mixture into ashtrays. This helps diffuse the odor from cigar and cigarette butts and it also helps mask the smoke in the air. Source: Ashtray Odor Diffusers.
  24. Grease Buildup On Range Hood: If the grease buildup inside the hood is especially thick, first make a thick paste of baking soda and water. Take a cloth wet with hot, soapy water and then scrub the grease with the paste in a circular motion–-then wipe off as much as the grease as possible then rinse the cloth in a bucket of hot, soapy water. Reapply baking soda paste on the cloth and repeat until most of the grease has been removed. Once the majority of grease buildup has been removed–-wash the unit with hot, soapy water to remove all traces of the baking soda paste and then clean with degreaser if needed. Source: How To Clean A Range Hood.
  25. Musty Books Fix: For books that got damp or are musty, sprinkle baking soda on the pages and allow time to air out. If there’s mildew on the paper you can rub the baking soda into the spots and lay out to bleach in the sun. Source: 32 Household Tips – A Collection Of Timeless Wisdom.
  26. Cleaning Cake & Pie Pan Edges: Dip a raw potato into baking soda to scrub the rusted corners and edges of cake and pie pans. You could also try using baking soda with a few drops of lemon juice. Source: Cookware Cleaning & Stain Removal Tips.
  27. Mattress Freshener: When stripping the beds down for laundry, freshen up the mattress by sprinkling a thin layer of baking soda directly on top of the mattress. Leave sit for a few hours then vacuum the powder up. Source: Quick Tips For Mattress Care.
  28. Cheap & Natural Carpet Freshener: Sprinkle carpets with baking soda and leave sit for a few hours then vacuum up. Your carpets will smell noticeably fresher. Source: 10 Household Cleaning Quick Tips.
  29. Remove Plastic Melted On An Iron or Toaster: Simply heat the iron on low until the plastic has softened, yet the iron is not too hot to burn you. Unplug and use a soft bristle brush (first wet in soapy water) to scrub the plastic off. If the plastic won’t come off, try gently rubbing in a paste of baking soda and water. You don’t want to scratch the plate, so do this carefully. Same method applies for removing plastic from toaster. Sources: How To Clean An Iron: {Tips} and How To Remove Melted Plastic From Toaster.
  30. Dish Rack Freshener: Spruce up dish racks by occasionally scrubbing them with a paste of baking soda and water. Removes stains and odors. Source: 15 Kitchen Tip Quickies.
  31. Windshield Bug Scrub Recipe: Mix 70/30 (approx) Baking Soda and Liquid Dish Detergent until you have a paste. Dab a wet sponge into the paste to get a good glob of it then scrub the windshield. Rinse off well. Liquid dish detergent isn’t recommended for use on car paint, so keep this recipe for the windshield only. Source: Grime Busters For Outside: 8 Quick Tips.
  32. Oven Cleaner: Clean a dirty oven by sprinkling the inside with water then covering with a mixture of 1 cup baking soda and 1/3 cup salt. Spray again with water, leave overnight and wipe clean in the morning. Oven Cleaner: A paste of baking soda and hot water or sprinkle the soda on a damp sponge and wipe. Sources: Homemade Oven Cleaner Recipes and Homekeeping – A Natural Shine To Cleaning (Recipes).
  33. Freshen Lunchboxes & Bags: Sour smelling lunchboxes and bags can be cleaned out by opening the lunchbox and sprinkling a heavy layer of baking soda on both sides. Lay open overnight and then wash in hot water with dish soap. Source: Quick Household Tips & Resources.
  34. Hard Water Laundry Fix: Hard water giving you dingy laundry? Try adding baking soda to the wash as a laundry booster, suggestions for baking soda are to start with 1/2 cup per load. Source: Homemade Laundry Detergent FAQ.
  35. Freshen Linen: Mix dried, ground herbs with 1/2 cup baking soda to freshen bedding. Source: Fresh Summery Scented Bedding Year Round: Tip Sheet.
  36. Fishy Smell: Fish or onion odor can be removed from utensils and dishes by adding a teaspoonful of baking soda to the dish water. Source: 25 Vintage Kitchen Tips: Timeless Wisdom Collection.
  37. Garbage Pail Deodorizer: Mix 4 teaspoons Eucalyptus oil with 4 cups of baking soda. Store in an airtight plastic container. After cleaning garbage can, sprinkle a handful of baking soda mixture on the bottom (once dry). Source: Freshen Your Home With Eucalyptus: Recipes.
  38. Blood Stain Removal (Laundry): Blood stains, if fresh, may be removed by washing in cold water. If hard and dry steep for a few hours in cold water, to which add a pinch of baking soda. Washing and bleaching will finish the process. Never put blood stains in hot water. Source: Old-Time Stain Removal Tips: Timeless Wisdom.
  39. Tile Grout Shine: Clean and brighten tile grout by mixing 3 cups baking soda and 1 cup water. Use to scrub grout clean with a sponge, leave for a few minutes then rinse clean. Source: Grout Cleaning Tips & Recipes.
  40. Slippery Sidewalks: If you sprinkle a generous amount of baking soda on icy patches on walkways, it’s much easier on the cement than salt and makes a slip free zone. Source: 12 Quick Tips For The Home: Tipnut’s Mailbag.
  41. Curling Iron Cleaner: Clean the gunk off of curling irons by scrubbing it clean with a paste made from baking soda and water. Source: How To Clean A Curling Iron.
  42. Toilet Bowl Cleaner & Freshener: First drizzle 1 cup baking soda into the toilet. Top with 1 cup vinegar. Allow to fizz for 10 minutes then use a toilet brush to scrub toilet clean. Source: Homemade Cleaners For The Bathroom {Peppermint}.
  43. Funky Dishwasher: Freshen things up by sprinkling a layer of baking soda on the bottom of the dishwasher. Close it and let it sit overnight. The next day take a damp sponge and scrub the powder into the inside walls and door of the dishwasher. Remove most of the powder then run a full cycle on empty to remove all traces of the powder. Another method to freshen up the dishwasher is to toss in a cup of baking soda to an empty dishwasher then run it on the rinse cycle. Source: Tips For Cleaning A Dishwasher.
  44. Deodorant Stains Fix: To prevent deodorant stains on your clothes, apply baking soda to your underarms after applying deodorant. Source: Underarm & Deodorant Stains: Removal Tips.
  45. Marble & Granite Stains: Remove a stain from marble or granite countertops by first spraying the stain with water then covering it completely with a paste made from baking soda and water (to the consistency of sour cream). Cover with plastic wrap then allow to set for at least 24 hours, the baking soda will dry and pull up much of the stain. Source: How To Remove Stains From Marble & Granite.
  46. Crayon On Walls: Remove crayon scribbles from walls by making a paste of baking soda and water then use it to gently scrub the marks. You could also just sprinkle baking soda on a damp sponge and rub. Source: 21 Crayon Busters: How To Remove Crayon From Walls.
  47. Crusty Casserole Dishes: Have a casserole dish that just won’t come clean? Try filling the dish with boiling water and 2 or 3 tablespoons of baking soda. Let sit until the water has cooled and you should be able to scrub the dish clean with no problem. Source: 12 Kitchen Tip Quickies.
  48. Vacuum Bag Freshener: Make vacuum bag sachets filled with baking soda and dried herbs. Slip these fragrant sachets into your vacuum bag and enjoy the pleasant fragrance when you vacuum the floor. Source: Vacuum Bag Sachet Fresheners: How-To.
  49. Easy DIY Air Freshener: Keep a room fresh with bowls of baking soda and dried flower buds. Source: Winter Detox: 12 Easy DIY Air Fresheners.
  50. Brass Cleaner: Bring out the shine in brass by cleaning it with a wedge of lemon first sprinkled with baking soda, this will provide a gentle abrasion for cleaning. Source: How To Clean Brass.



 How to Chill Wine Quickly

1. How to chill wine in six minutes: Simply place the wine bottle into an ice bucket and fill with ice, water and a handful of salt. The salt is important as it will help break down the ice, which will make the water colder, faster.

2. Keep an empty wine bottle or a decanter in the freezer. When needing a quick chill, transfer the wine that needs chilled into the frozen vessel. The wine will be ready to drink in about ten minutes.

3. Although there are plenty of naysayers who believe that putting a bottle of wine in the freezer will damage its integrity, those who are daring (and in need of quick results) might choose to do so. But don't leave it in any longer than 15 minutes. It will chill even faster if you wrap a wet paper towel or hand towel around it before placing it in the freezer.

4. Purchase an "ice jacket" (a gel-filled sleeve) that you keep in the freezer. Wrap it around the wine bottle for approximately ten minutes. A benefit to using this method is that you won't have to worry about forgetting how long you left it on ice or in the freezer.

5. Wet a hand towel, wrap it around the wine bottle and put it in the refrigerator to chill. This method will take a little longer, but you won't have to worry about damaging its integrity. 


** Don’t use hot water to melt grease when running a garbage disposal. After the grease runs down the drain, it will coat the pipe, then cool and start catching bits of food to form a clog. Flush with cold water. This will help cool the garbage disposal motor and solidify grease into clumps that float through the pipe to the sewer.



** Getting rid of garlic breath:

The biggest problem with enjoying garlic, however, is what it does to your breath. If you enjoy garlic but do not appreciate what it does to your breath you may be in a bit of a pickle. Garlic breath is very difficult to prevent, but there are some steps that you can take in order to rid yourself of it.

Garlic is made up of a number of biological elements that actually promote the growth of bacteria that already exists within your mouth. This, along with the natural pungency of garlic, leads to garlic breath. Furthermore, once you have consumed garlic, it can be difficult to smell on yourself. At times, you may have garlic breath without even knowing it.

Once you have eaten garlic, there are a number of things that you can do to mask your garlic breath. Chew on a few sprigs of fresh parsley, for example. Another option is to chew on fresh mint or to drink a large glass of hot mint tea. Also, be sure to give your teeth a good brushing and floss as well. Many people also find that tongue scraping is a good way to reduce garlic breath. You can "scrape" your tongue by simply adding a bit of toothpaste to your brush and working on your tongue from back to front. This will help to remove some of the bacteria and odor build up.

Money Savers:

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A suburban Chicago school district is inserting GPS devices into every student backpacks so nervous parents can track their whereabouts. The device lets schools know every time a child boards or disembarks from a school bus. They can locate a kid and a bus in seconds.





1. Bacteria thrive in reusable shopping bags. Half of the reusable bags in a recent study had bacterial growth, and 12% contained e coli bacteria, which can cause severe intestinal illness. WASH the bags with soap and water. Do not carry raw foods in reusable bags. Do not leave the empty bags in a warm car- bacterial counts rise significantly in two hours.


2. Overactive thyroid is linked to stroke. A diagnosis of hyperthyroidism before age 45 increases stroke risk by 45%. A possible connection- hyperthyroidism is linked to atrial fibrillation, a heart rhythm disorder that is associated with elevated stroke risk. To cut stroke risk, follow a low-fat high fiber diet and exercise regularly. Don’t smoke. Have blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels measured at least once a year.



مزود الخدمات الاكاديمية الدولية

اول مركز متخصص في سوريا يقدّم الخدمات الدولية )الخدمات الأكاديمية وخدمات التوثيق الدولي)

مصدّقة من أهم المراجع ا لرسمية الأمريكية والأوروبية والعربية متضمنة تصديق السفارة السورية في أمريكا
ممثل عن عدة جامعات أميركية دولية و أول مركز متخصص في سوريا لتقديم التعليم الافتراضي (الدراسة بالمراسلة) ونظام تقييم التعليم والخبرة.

الشهادة الجامعية و الماجستير و الدكتوراه من منزلك


للتّعرف على إحدى أهم الجامعات التي نمثّلها

 إضغط هنا


 للتعرف اكثر على مايقدمه مزود الخدمات الأكاديمية الدولية يرجى زيارة موقعنا الجديد


لمزيد من المعلومات يرجى المراسلة على البريد التالي :


Mob: 00963 940673083  

USA/ca :01 323 662 662
Lebanon:00961 6425532 (Main Branch)




لا تشرب الشاي وأنت تعمل على الحاسب


معلومة مهمة وخطيرة وغير متوقعة للي يستخدمون الحاسب

القصة منقولة من صاحبة الموضوع

قبل مدة عانت احدى الفتيات من ألم شديد في عينيها

لساعات طويلة امام شاشة الكمبيوتر لتصفح وذلك بسبب جلوسها

الانترنت وجمع بعض الصور والمواضيع من اجل بحث التخرج الخاص بها

وبسبب ازدياد الالم ذهبت الى المستشفى وهناك قام بالكشف عليها

احد الاطباء وقال لها

انها تعاني من جفاف في القرنية

بسبب جلوسها لمدة طويلة امام الكمبيوتر

وتعرض عينيها لإشعاعاته القوية

و نصحها بشئ غريب كلنا نسوية بس مو بقصد العلاج ولكن بقصد

الاستمتاع بطعمة

عارفين ايش هو

فنجان الشاي!!!!!!!!!!

الدكتورقال لها خففي من ساعات جلوسك امام الكمبيوتر

واذا جلستي عنده ضعي فنجان من الشاي على طاولة الكمبيوتر ويكون

قريبا من الشاشة

والافضل ان يكون من الجهة التي فيها وحدة النظام او مايسميه البعض

(صندوق الحاسب)

وذلك لأن فنجان الشاي يقوم بإمتصاص نسبة كبيرة من الاشعاعات التي

تنبعث من الحاسب

الفتاة اندهشت وقالت للطبيب انا اضع فنجان الشاي بجانبي دائما عندما استخدم الحاسب ولكنني اشربة !!

فقال لها هذا خطأ لأنك تشربين شاي مشبع بالإشعاعات

والان ما هو الحل لهذه المشكلة بالنسبة لي وجود فنجان الشاي امر

ضروري هذا مااحببت نقله لكم وهذه المعلومة جديدة بالنسبة لي

ولكنني لاحظت شئ بعدما

عرفت ذلك لا حظت ان لون الشاي يصبح غامق اكثر ولكنني قلت ربما

بسبب مضي وقت عليه ولكنني لاحظت تغير طعمة صحيح انني اقوم

بعمل فنجان الشاي واحضرة ولكنني لا اشربة بالكامل لأنني اشعر ان

طعمة تغير وكنت اظن لأنه برد قليلا اما الان

فاصبحت اشك بأن طعمة تغير بسبب الاشعاعات

حفظكم الله من كل سوء



خصلة من شعر نابليون تباع في مزاد مقابل 13 الف دولار

- بيعت خصلة من شعر نابليون بونابرت نزعت من رأسه بعد موته مقابل 13 الف دولار في مزاد في نيوزيلندا. وتم تركيب خطوط هاتفية اضافية خصيصا لعملية البيع لمواكبة التدفق غير المتوقع من مشترين دوليين يسعون لاقتناص خصلة الشعر التي نزعت من رأس الامبراطور الفرنسي السابق بعد يوم واحد من موته في 1821 بينما كان في المنفى في جزيرة سانت هيلينا.

وخصلة الشعر كانت جزءا من مجموعة جلبها الى نيوزيلندا في 1864 دينزل ايبتسون وهو ضابط مؤن وفنان بريطاني. وخدم ايبتسون في سانت هيلينا خلال السنوات الستة التي احتجز فيها نابليون في الجزيرة بعد ان هزم في معركة "ووترلو".

وباع احفاد ايبتسون المجموعة المكونة من نحو 40 قطعة تشمل رسومات بيد ايبتسون لنابليون وهو على فراش الموت وعمره 51 عاما.
وقال هاميش كوني المدير الاداري لدار مزادات "ارت اوبجيكت" لـ "رويترز" "المجموعة كانت في حالة ممتازة حقا والعائلة يجب ان تشكر لحفاظها على هذه المادة طوال هذه المدة (...) لقد مر حوالي 200 عام".

وقالت دار المزادات ان خصلة الشعر اشتراها احد هواة جمع المقتنيات في لندن الذي لم يكشف عن اسمه.


ألمانيا تطلق مشروع ترجمة كتاب مقدس خاص بأقباط العالم

­أعلن أستاذ التاريخ المصري القديم بجامعة ماربورغ الألمانية البروفيسور راينر هانيج، عن إطلاق مشروع ترجمة كتاب مقدس خاص بأقباط العالم، الذين قدر البروفيسورعددهم بنحو عشرين مليون قبطي.
ويتولى دير برينكهاوزن بمنطقة هوكستر بولاية شمال الراين فيستفاليا غرب ألمانيا، التنسيق العلمي للمشروع.
وعن هذا المشروع العلمي العملاق الذي يتم إطلاقه بعد أكثر من ألفي عام من ميلاد المسيح، قال البروفيسور هانيج اليوم السبت بمدينة ماربورغ، "سيكون كتابا مقدسا شعبيا، كتابا مقدسا للجميع".
وتوقع أستاذ المصريات الألماني أن يستمر العمل في المشروع لنحو ثماني سنوات يتم خلالها ترجمة الكتاب المقدس بأكمله للغة القبطية.
ويقدر حجم التبرعات المطلوبة لتمويل هذا المشروع العلمي بأكثر من 500 ألف يورو ويشارك فيه العديد من العلماء ورجال الدين.
ويقول هانيج عن المشروع: "المسيحية القبطية مذهب مسيحي له بابا خاص مقره القاهرة".
وأشار هانيج إلى أن جزءا من الكتاب المقدس قد ترجم بالفعل للغة القبطية ولكن للهجات قديمة منها لا تكاد تستخدم اليوم مما يجعل المسيحيين الأقباط يلجأون للطبعة العربية من الكتاب المقدس




أطباء ألمان: إعادة البصر لكفيف بزرع شريحة الكترونية بالعين

علوم و تكنولوجيا /
05 تشرين الثاني , 2010 - 12:30 AM



أعلن فريق من أطباء العيون الألمان نجاحهم في تمكين أحد المكفوفين من استعادة قدرته على الإبصار عن طريق زرع شريحة الكترونية داخل عينه.

وذكرت قناة بي بي سي في تقرير لها أمس الأول أن الفنلندي نيكا تاهو الذي أصيب بالعمى وهو في سن المراهقة بسبب مرض وراثينادر استطاع بفضل هذه التقنية الجديدة استعادة نور عينيه والتعرف على بعض الأشياء حيث أخضعه الأطباء بعد زرع الشريحة الالكترونية خلف قرنية إحدى عينيه لعدد من الاختبارات فتمكن ولأول مرة منذ سنوات من التعرف على بعض الأغراض دون الحاجة إلى لمسها والتقاط أدوات المائدة ووضعها في كوب بمنتهى السهولة كما تمكن من قراءة عدد من الكلمات.

وتعد الشريحة التي استخدمها الألمان نموذجا بدائيا إلا أن نجاح التجربة شجع أطباء العيون في بريطانيا على إجراء محاولات ماثلة لمساعدة المرضى على استعادة الرؤية ومنهم 12 شخصا ستجرى لهم جراحات في مستشفى أكسفورد ولندن.

وقد استخدمت نماذج أخرى من شرائح العين الالكترونية لعلاج المرضى قبل عامين حيث زرعت شريحة في عين رجل لتستقبل إشارات تلتقطها كاميرا مثبتة على نظارته تساعده في الرؤية .